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About Job Interview


Generally, someone will face job interview after sending an application letter to a firm or an enterprises. This might be the last step for an applicant to pass in order to get a job or promoted. There are many definitions about job interview. A very homely definition states that job interview is asking ans answering question dealing with job vacancy. Someone who  asks questions is called interviewer and someone who answers them is called interviewee or applicant.  Remember the materials we have already discussed in the previous session that sending application is not applying job, but asking an opportunity to face job interview. That is why an applicant, in his application, must be able to convince the employer that s/he is the right candidate to face job interview.

It is very important to realize that the final task of interviewer is to recommend or not to recommend the applicant. In recommending an applicant, it usually takes long time by asking many questions. That is why some people assume that the longer someone takes job interview the more possible s/he will be accepted.

Some applicants get stressful on job interview, but some others have different point of view. However, If the applicants know what they have to do on job interview and make good preparation, job interview can be an interesting moment, because  this is the final step to get job or promoted.

In order to be well-prepared on job interview, an interviewee had better identify all possible questions and prepare the expected answers. There are two classifications of questions on job interview: The first classification is general questions and the second one is specific questions. General questions will be asked to all interviewees from different educational backgrounds while specific questions deal with their majors.

Here are some general questions:

  • Please tell me your family background.
  • How did you get this vacancy?
  • Tell me your last education, please!
  • What do you know about this firm, enterprise, hospital, bank?
  • What is your motivation to work here?
  • Please tell me your work experience relating to this position.
  • Why did you quit your previous job?
  • Who is your favorite figure?
  • What are your hobbies?
  • Do you like working overtime?
  • What is your weakness?
  • How much salary do you expect?
  • learn more questions on your Business English Module, Page 43.


For any job interviewee, it is important to be well prepared to face job interview and create good impression to the interviewer from the moment you arrive there. Here are some tips on how you can make it successfully. .

Tip 1: Look the Part

  • You have to dress professionally in conservative clothing with appropriate shoes, minimal jewelry, and perfume. Even if the office is casual, you should dress in business attire in showing that you are ready to work. Remember, some people believe that performance may reflect someone character.

Tip 2: Before the Interview

  • Let you bring a portfolio with extra copies of your resume or CV, a list of references, and a notepad and pen. Use a breath mint before you enter the building. Leave the gadgets at home or turned off in your bag or briefcase.

Tip 3: Arrive on Time

  • Arrive a few minutes early for your interview. It is very important to be on time for the interview. On time means ten to fifteen minutes early. Know the interviewer’s name and use it during the interview. If you’ are not sure of the name, call and ask prior to the interview. When you arrive for your interview, greet the receptionist and let him or her know why you are there.
  • It is best to get there a little early to allow time in case you get lost and need to fix your clothes and hair.

Tip 4: Answer Questions Calmly

  • During job interview, try to remain as calmly as possible. Ask for clarification if you are not sure what has been asked and remember that it is perfectly acceptable to take a moment or two to frame your responses so you can be sure to fully answer the question.
  • Make a list of questions beforehand to ask the interviewer.

Tip 5: Ask Questions About the Job

  • Be prepared with questions of your own, because you will probably be asked if you have any at the end of the interview. Having questions will show that you have done your homework and are truly interested in the position.
  • Be prepared. Know as much about the company and the job as possible and know why you’re the person they should hire. Practice answering possible questions.

Tip 6: Follow Up                                                  

  • Ask your interviewer for a business card so that you will have the correct spelling of names and job titles for your thank you notes and follow up calls. It is important to thank the interviewer for their time and to let them know that you look forward to hearing from them. Follow up by sending a thank you note to everyone you interviewed with.

Tip 7 :  Miscellaneous

  • Give a firm handshake when greeting the interviewer and when saying good-bye.
  • Maintain eye contact.
  • Be confident and try to act as calmly as possible.
  • Be honest.


Sometimes an interviewer portrays cases or problems to an interviewee in order to find out more detail information about applicant’s character and ability.

Here two examples

1.  Imagine that you are offered a perfect job. The salary is more than you expected; the responsibilities are challenging, and the job will give you an opportunity to use your skills and talent. The only problem is that the job requires you to move to a small town across the country. Consequently, you will be far away from your family and will stay there for about five years. Would you take or leave the job?

Note  :   You need to consider advantages and disadvantages of your choice.

2. You are being interviewed for a job in a prestigious firm. The question of salary comes up. The interviewer offers you $19,000, but you tell her that you cannot accept anything below $23,000.  Her offer would represent a salary cut for you (on your last job you earned $20,000). The interviewer explains that for an entry level position, company rules are that salary be $19,000. You feel that you are worth more and try to explain this. Finally, the interviewer says, “I cannot change company rules. Take or leave it”. You want the job. To go back to your demands would make you feel weak and cowardly. What would you do?

Letter Writing

Letter is a means of communication used by a sender to keep in touch with a receiver. In other words, writing letter means holding a conversation. Nowadays, letter takes a very great role on almost all business activities.

Business correspondence belongs to one of the writing forms of business communication.

Good business letters are seldom written in easily and quickly. In composing business letter, you must have a clear idea of what you want to say. You must know the purpose of the letter you are writing and the logic arrangement of ides into different paragraphs. A good business letter should be clear, courteous, concise, correct and complete. Adopt the “you” point of view or the “you” attitude which means your letter should be written from reader’s point of view which in turn means that you show your consideration for the reader’s need. A business letter may be written in various styles: the full block, semi block, indented style etc. it is recommendable that you stick to one style for the sake uniformity.

Business letters are mainly used for external communication of a company. Business letters may be divided into two categories: commercial and secretarial. Commercial correspondence deals with profit making letters whereas secretarial correspondence deals with social business letters or non profit making letters.

I. What is Application Letter?

Application Letter is a communicative tool used by an applicant to keep in touch with an employer or the owner. In other words, an applicant holds a conversation with an employer dealing with applying for a job vacancy. Generally, an applicant or job seeker can be an undergraduate, graduate or even a post-graduate.

II. Types of Application Letter

There are three types of application letter. First, application which is sent as a reply to advertisement. It means, a job seeker gets job vacancy from newspaper, radio, TV or website. Most working people get jobs through this way. Second, Application Letter which  is based on recommendation. Recommendation could be given by relatives, families or working people. Some employers prefer recommended Application Letter to a reply to advertisement. Third,  Application Letter which is sent by initiative of an applicant without advertisement nor recommendation. In other words, a job seeker may send Application Letter anytime he wants even though the employer does not publish a job vacancy. That is why, a job seeker does not have any reason not to send Application Letter.

III. Parts Of Letters : Letterhead, Reference Number, Dateline, Inside Address, Salutation, Subject Line, Body, Complimentary Close, Signature, Enclosures and Carbon Copies.

IV Business Letter must have Letter Head, Reference Number whereas Application Letter does not have both of them, including Carbon Copies.

IV.  Some essential Notes about Application Letter

A. There are three important elements of Application Letter. They are the quality of paper, tone and content.. It should be kept in mind that the employer will make judgment upon them.

B. Basically, Application letter is not applying the job, but asking a job interview. That is why the content of Application Letter must be able to convince the employer that you are the right candidate to face job interview.

C. It is suggested that Application Letter ideally consists of one page only. The reason is very simple. Employer is very busy. Therefore, s/he does not have enough time to read long application letter. In short, s/he is not interested to learn long application letter.

D. It is less polite to say thanks at the end of Application Letter. Remember, English people will say thanks if they get something. Sending Application Letter does not get something. We had better say thanks after receiving invitation for job interview from the employer.

V. Examples of application (Let you learn your module pages 26, 27)

VI. Writing CV or Resume

CV or Resume is an item that is usually enclosed on application letter. CV is recognized as British English whereas Resume as American English. There are four important elements on it namely: personal details, educational background, work experience and other qualities. In other words, CV is source of information  Moreover, CV can be more than one page. In order to make your CV look interesting it better you design by yourself rather than apply the general form.

Giving Opinion

I think you  do agree with a statement says that university students are intellectual people. Absolutely, you are proud of that predicate. Consequently, you have to possess some qualifications such as, the ability to give opinion. As a matter of fact, how often do you give opinion in English to other people? rarely or never?  Is it in formal or informal situation? How do you feel while giving opinion? Here below, some essential notes about  giving opinion are available.

1. University students as intellectual people, must be familiar to asking and giving opinion especially in formal situation such as joining seminar, facing exam, taking part on workshop, attending discussion etc.

2. In giving opinion, be accustomed to telling reason or argument. For example, when you say disagreement to someone’s opinion, you need to tell the reason why you disagree.

3. University students must be able to appreciate different opinions. It means your opinion sometimes will be received or rejected by others. Remember, it is impossible that an opinion will be accepted by all people.

4. University students must be able to differentiate between formal and informal situation.

5. The following list deals about some common phrases that can be applied to ask someone’s opinion in formal situation.

A) What’s your opinion about the new manager here?

B) What is your comment about  politicians in Indonesia?

C) What can you say about  pollution in Jakarta?

D) According to your mind what are the characteristics of a good boss?

E) What is your point of view about working overtime?

F) What do you know about Vitamin A?

H) What do you think about  strike in a company?

6. There are some ways you can apply in giving opinion in formal situation.

A) In my View, the manager is an easy going person, because he likes to share his work experience with all staff.

B) I think working overtime is good especially for the efficiency of the company.

C) According to my mind, one characteristic of a good boss is polite when speaking to employees.

D) As far as I know, strike may cause negative influence to accomplish the company’s objective, because there is no activity at all.

II. Complete the exercise on your module page: 46, 47, and 48

III. Please drill your students vocabulary page 10.

How To Start English Conversation

Many Indonesian people assume that  that starting English conversation is very difficult, especially with foreign people while some others have different point of view. People belongs to the first group will try to avoid doing English conversation, but the second group on the other hand are eager to make English conversation. Consciously or unconsciously, in business activity, English communication takes a very great role. The following list consists of several essential notes about how to start English conversation.

1. Realizing that English is a foreign language, it is not necessary to be ashamed to do any mistakes while making conversation, especially on grammatical problems. Sometimes, you may learn from the mistakes you have done. .

2. Remember, the main objective of conversation is to deliver massage to the other people in good sentences. However, grammatical error  does not mean “death” on conversation.

3. There are three common ways we can apply to start English conversation especially with someone we do not recognize. They are:

A.     Good morning. I’m Justinus from Indonesia. Can I talk with you?

B.     Hello. My name is Jokawi from Indonesia. Are you free for a moment?

C.    Excuse me. I’m Maya from Indonesia. May I disturb you?

4. There are some common phrases which are usually used on conversation, such as:

–  How do you do!

–  How are you?

–  Repeat please!

–  How do you spell your name?

–  Nice to meet you

–  I Beg your pardon

–  How is life?

–  You’re welcome

The remaining phrases can be found on your Business English Module Page 5.

5. Sometimes, we would like to know furthermore information about someone’s identity like name, address, occupation, religion,nationality etc. To do that, please complete the Mind Mapping of Personal Identity, on your English Module, Page 6.

6. It is natural for someone to create a good conversation. To achieve that he may follow  two things. First, try to find out as soon as possible what someone likes and dislikes as well. Second, talk all things that he likes so that he will feel comfortable during conversation. Needless to say that foreign people are not interested to talk about certain things such as: age, marital status, and religion. On the other hand, they prefer talking about occupation, nationality, address and education.

7. For exercises, listening the conversation on your English Module Page, 7 and 8, Track 6, 7, 3, 5 and Track 12.

8. For lecturer, please drill your student to pronounce some geographical names on English Module page. 10.

9. Remember what the quotation says that “Practice Makes Perfect”. It means, the more frequently you converse, the more mistakes you may reduce.


Breaking The Ice

Welcome to Business English Subject. Students who are allowed to take this subject are those who have passed Toefl 2 (with minimum toefl score 450). Since this is the first session, you need to know some information dealing with this subject, such as: topics to be covered, Rules, grading system and handbook. Basically, there are two main objectives of this subject. First, to improve your communicative skill and second, to acknowledge some scientific English terms. Therefore, every student should try


–  How To Start English Conversation

–  Asking And Giving Opinion

–  Application Letter and CV Writing

–  Job Interview

–  Reading, Translating, and Summarizing English Passages

–  Listening Audio and Watching Video

–   Mid Semester Exam    (Written Exam)

–   Writing Paragraph

–   Explaining Graph

–   Reading, Translating, and Summarizing English Passage

–   Listening Audio and Watching Video.

–   How to make effective presentation

–   Final Semester Exam  (Presentation by students)


 1. At least 75 % attendance for Final Semester Exam,

2. Must take mid and final exam,

3. Not more than 30 minutes late,

4. Well dress and good attitude,

5. Turn hand phone off.

6. Good Performance

7. Possess Module


1.      Kehadiran                     10 %

2.      Tugas                            20 %

3.      UTS                              30 %

4.      UAS                              40 %

Scoring System

1.      80 – 100 = A

2.      68 – 79   = B

3.      56 – 67   = C

4.      45 – 55   = D

5.      0 –  44    = E



Good afternoon everybody. Let me introduce myself. My name is___________________ I’m_____________years old. I live at___________________________________________ I study at Esa Unggul University, Faculty _______________________________________ majoring____________________in the________________ semester. I choose this faculty because______________________________ My registration number is ______________ About family background, I have _________brother(s)  and ________ sister(s). My phone number is________________My hobby is __________ In future, I want to be____________________.  That’s all about my personal identity. Thank you for listening


Materi 1

Materi dapat dilihat disini :
modul a
modul b
modul c
modul d

Bahan Presentasi : File PPT



1. Stan likes to ride his bike

Stan likes to ride his bike. He rides to and from work every day, and he rides his bike on the weekend for recreation and fun. Sometimes he rides on a bike path, but more often he rides in the street along with regular traffic.

Stan wears a helmet for safety, and he always signals his turns when riding in traffic. He stretches his left arm out straight when making a left turn, and he stretches his right arm out straight when making a right turn. State law in Minnesota requires that people on bikes ride on the right-hand side of the road. Also, according to state law, drivers of cars must give bicyclists at least three feet of space when passing.


How much do you remember from the reading? Fill in the blanks.

1A: What does Stan ride to work?

1B: He _____ a bike.

2A: What _____ he wear to keep safe?

2B: He wears a helmet.

3A: Which arm does he use for a left turn?

3B: He _____ his left arm.

4A: On what side of the road do people ride their bikes?

4B: They _____ on the right-hand side.

5A: How much room must drivers give to people who ride bikes on the street?

5B: They must give at least three ______.


Materi 2

Fish farming

Bahan Presentasi : File PPT

Reading A pair work Discuss these questions. Then read article, and check your answers.

  1. What do you think the title of the article means?
  2. What is a fish farm?
  3. What is the meaning of trangenics?


  1. I think the title of the article is Seafood that never sees of the sea.
  2. A fish farm is the man is work find of seafood the sea.
  3. Trangenics is the transfer of genes from one species to another.












lthough  80% of the world’s  seafood comes from marine harvests, there is a major shift under way toward aquaculture now. Nearly 40% of salmon marketed today is raised in captivity, compared with 6% a decade ago. Forty percent of all calm, oysters, and mussels are  produced infarm environments, along with 65% of freshwater fish. “the fact that world seafood supplies continue  to increase at all is due almost entireliy to the phenomenal growth in aquaculture, “says Anne Plat McGinn, a research associate at the Worldwatch Institute.

Biotechnology is contributing to high – yield aquaculture through transgenics – the transfer of genes from one species to another. Researchers introduce desirable genetic traits into fish, creting hardier stocks. For example, some species of fish have a protein that allows them to live in Arctic waters. By transplanting this “anti – freeze” gene into other species, researchers have created more fish that can survive in extremely cold water. Biotechnologists are attempeting to improve a wide range of genetic traits in fish used for aquaculture, developing fish that are larger and faster – growing, more efficient in converting feed into muscle, more tolerant of low oxygen levels in water, and better able to resist disease.

While aquaculture produces a reliable source of potein, the industry  is rife with environmental problems, asserts McGinn. Perhaps the biggest concern is water pollution : Fish waste and uneaten food accumulate at farm sites and can float directly downstream into water supplies. McGinn charegers that aquaculture also uses resources inefficiently. Fish farms need protein feed, and about 17% of ocean fish, an overharvested wild resource, becomes food for captive – bred fish. “An estimated five kilograms of oceanic fish reduced into fish meal are required to raise one kilogram of farmed ocean fish or shrimp, representing a large net protein loss,” says McGinn.

Fish farming does not have to be an inefficient or polluting industry. McGinn predicts that many consumers will choose sustainably produced fish in the future, just as they prefer dolphin – free tuna today

Materi 3

Bahan Presentasi : File PPT

Living without modern technology

Discussion A Pair work. Read about the Amish, a religious group in the United States. How do you think their practices affect their way of life?

Answer :

I think the life of the Amish in the United States. life does not keep up with technology but very useful for someone who wants to know about information and communication that occurs over long distances.




The Amish are a religious and cultural group who immigrated to the United States from Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. They have preserved the way of life of their ancestors, following a strict set of rules for using such things as clothing, machinery, and electricity. Here are some examples of the way they live.

What the Amish traditionally don’t do: